Jeffrey Rush Higgins Collection on Frederick Wilson
Scope and Contents
The Jeffrey Rush Higgins Collection on Frederick Wilson includes both personal and professional materials. The bulk of the collection is made up of artwork and window designs found in the second series.
(1) Personal Papers, 1885-1990
(3) Design Drawings and Artwork, 1890-1930
Language of Materials
Collection materials are in English.
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for public research. Researchers must make an appointment to view this collection.
Conditions Governing Use
The Copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement. The user agrees to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless the Corning Museum of Glass and the Rakow Research Library against all claims, demands, costs and expenses incurred by copyright infringement or any other legal or regulatory cause of action arising from the use of Library materials.
Biographical / Historical
Frederick Wilson (1858-1932) was born in Dublin, Ireland to Charles and Elizabeth Wilson. He was raised in Liverpool and London, England, where he was educated in both traditional academics, artistic training, and religious iconography. Wilson began his artistic career in England in the late 1870s, where he is listed in census records as a Stained Glass Artist. In 1891, Wilson married Mary Gwladys Morgan and the two immigrated to the United States the following year. The couple had three children: Gladys, Sylvia, and Beatrice.
Wilson’s first employment in America was with Alfred Godwin and Company in Philadelphia. His time with the firm was brief, as he began work with Louis Comfort Tiffany at his studio on New York City in 1893. Wilson advanced rapidly at Tiffany Studios where, in 1899 he was appointed to the head of the ecclesiastical department. Wilson was one of the few artists at Tiffany Studios who was recognized for his work during his own lifetime. He made significant efforts to gain recognition and maintain control over his work. Wilson’s designs from this period were executed in the American opalescent style, pioneered by Tiffany Studios.
After nearly 30 years with Tiffany Studios, (1893-1923) Wilson moved his family to California, where he worked with Judson Studios until his death in 1932. While at Judson Studios, Wilson abandoned the opalescent style of stained glass in favor of a medieval-type revival. Wilson saw immediate success in his new community and with his new employer.
Though his name is largely linked to his work with Tiffany Studios, in his career of more than 50 years, Wilson was associated with at least six different firms: Heaton, Butler and Bayne, London, England; Alfred Godwin and Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Tiffany Studios, New York, New York; The Gorham Manufacturing Company, Providence, Rhode Island; The Los Angeles Art Glass Company; and The Judson Studios, Los Angeles, California.
Jeffrey Rush Higgins is a great-grandson of Frederick Wilson.
Duncan, A., Eidelberg, M., and Harris, N. (1989). "Masterworks of Louis Comfort Tiffany." New York: Abrams.
Wright, D. C. (2009). Frederick Wilson: 50 years of stained glass design. "Journal of Glass Studies," 51, 198-214.
10.5 Linear Feet (2 Hollinger legal boxes, 5 flat boxes)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Jeffrey Rush Higgins, 2011.
Processed by Sarah Tronkowski in 2022.
- Glass painting and staining -- United States -- 19th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Glass painting and staining -- United States -- 20th century -- Archival resources Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Stained glass windows -- United States -- 19th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Stained glass windows -- United States -- 20th century Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Jeffrey Rush Higgins Collection on Frederick Wilson, 1885-1990
- A Guide to the Collection
- Sarah Tronkowski
- June 14, 2022
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Edition statement
- Original Finding Aid written by Sandra Glascock, July 2015.