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Dianne Williams Collection on Pyrex

 Collection
Identifier: BIB-119626
The Dianne Williams Collection on Pyrex, 1915-2010 is arranged into four series: Series I. Original advertisements, 1915-1980; Series II. Photocopies, 1915-1986; Series III. Ephemera, 1907-1949; and Series IV. Book manuscript, circa 2010.

Series I. Original advertisements contains both color and black and white advertisements from a variety of magazines for Pyrex ovenware, bakeware and flameware items. Items represented in the advertisements include casserole dishes, bread pans, pie plates, ramekins, teapots, nursing bottles, platters, measuring cups, carafes, skillets, percolators and mixing bowls.

Series II. Photocopies consists of color and black and white copies of Pyrex advertisements, catalogs, price lists, sell sheets, articles and sales literature for vendors.

Series III. Ephemera includes recipe cards and promotional materials such as pamphlets, booklets and displays that describe the benefits and various uses of Pyrex Ware items.

Series IV. Book manuscript contains copies of chapters, indexes and inventories written by Dianne Williams for her unpublished book “Pyrex Ware: An American Classic, A Comprehensive Collector’s Guide: 1915-1983.”

Dates

  • 1915-2010

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open to researchers.

Conditions Governing Use

The Copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement. The user agrees to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless the Corning Museum of Glass and the Rakow Research Library against all claims, demands, costs and expenses incurred by copyright infringement or any other legal or regulatory cause of action arising from the use of Library materials.

Extent

3 Boxes

Biographical / Historical

Pyrex glass had its origins in the development of temperature-resistant borosilicate glass for railroad lantern globes at Corning Glass Works (now Corning Incorporated) in the early 20th century. This new type of glass was marketed as Nonex or CNX (Corning non-expansion glass) and it proved so successful that the scientists and researchers at Corning were tasked with finding other uses for this durable material that did not shatter or crack under sudden temperature changes.

In 1913 the wife of Jesse T. Littleton, a Corning scientist, asked her husband to bring some of the new glass home to try baking with it. After baking a sponge cake in her oven using the sawed-off bottoms of two Nonex battery jars, Bessie Littleton discovered that not only was her cake “very well cooked” and “a remarkably uniform shade of brown all over” but that the cooking time had been quicker, she was able to monitor the baking in the oven since the glass was clear and that, afterwards, the glass was very easy to clean.

It would take another two years for the scientists at Corning to perfect a lead-free borosilicate glass safe enough for cookware and the first successful item to be produced using the new material was a pie plate. In 1915, Corning introduced to the public twelve ovenware dishes—including casseroles, loaf pans and custard cups—under the brand name of “Pyrex.” This also marked the start of Corning’s foray into the consumer housewares business. To test and promote the new Pyrex products, Corning hired two well-known home economists: Sarah Tyson Rorer, the prominent editor of “Ladies’ Home Journal,” and Mildred Maddocks of the Good Housekeeping Institute. Later the company established its own test kitchen where the home economist Lucy Maltby tested new products, created recipes and collected data from consumers. In just four years, Corning had sold more than 4.5 million pieces of Pyrex from a line that now included 100 dish shapes and sizes. Throughout the decades Corning continued to successfully introduce innovative glass products under the Pyrex brand name—such as “Flameware” items for stove tops and Opal Ware—which contributed to Pyrex becoming one of the most recognizable and iconic dishes in America’s homes.

Corning produced Pyrex Ware until the end of the 20th century. In 1998, Corning sold its Consumer Products Division and Pyrex Ware is now made and distributed by the kitchenware company, World Kitchen.

In 2004, after thirty-two years as a teacher and librarian, Dianne Williams turned her energies to collecting Pyrex Ware. Over the next six years her personal collection grew to over a thousand pieces of Pyrex items dating from 1915 -1983, and included Transparent Ovenware, Flameware, Opal Ware (decorated and plain), and hundreds of pieces of print ephemera such as catalogs and original magazine advertisements for nearly every year from 1915 – 1983. After having collected and researched Pyrex Ware in all its many forms, Ms. Williams had developed the resources necessary to create a comprehensive collector’s guide for Corning Incorporated’s most recognized name in consumer products. In 2010, the Corning Museum of Glass acquired Ms. Williams’ Pyrex Ware collection and the print ephemera as well as her manuscript for a collector’s guide is housed in the Rakow Library.

Bibliography:

Dyer, D. (2001). "Corning: A story of discovery and reinvention." Corning, NY: Corning Incorporated.

Graham, M. B. W, & Shuldiner, Alec T. (2001). "Corning and the craft of innovation." New York: Oxford University Press.

Custodial History

Acquired in 2010.

Creator

Title
Dianne Williams Collection on Pyrex, 1915-2010
Subtitle
A Guide to the Collection
Status
completed
Author
Sandra Glascock
Date
May 2015
Description rules
dacs

Repository Details

Part of the Rakow Research Library Repository

Contact:
Rakow Research Library
Corning Museum of Glass
5 Museum Way
Corning NY 14830 USA
607.438.5300