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J. Hoare & Co. Scrapbook Collection

 Collection
Identifier: BIB -111028
The J. Hoare & Co. Scrapbook Collection is comprised of seven scrapbooks in various sizes, the smallest measuring 14” (L) X 11” (W) X 2(H)” and the largest 18” (L) X 15” (W) X 5” (H). The scrapbooks were compiled by company employees, and contain photographs of various glassware from Hoare and other companies; clippings gathered for reference and design inspiration; and templates for ware.

Dates

  • circa 1875-1920
  • Digitized: Digitized September 2016

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open to researchers. Due to their fragile nature patrons are requested to use the digital or microform copies of the scrapbooks.

Conditions Governing Use

The Copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement. The user agrees to defend, indemnify, and hold harmless the Corning Museum of Glass and the Rakow Research Library against all claims, demands, costs and expenses incurred by copyright infringement or any other legal or regulatory cause of action arising from the use of Library materials.

Extent

13 Boxes

13.3 Linear Feet

Biographical / Historical

The son of a glass cutter, John Hoare was born in Cork, Ireland in 1822. He immigrated with his family to the United States in 1853 and in 1855 he purchased and became proprietor of the glass cutting shop of the Brooklyn Flint Glass Company. He named the business Hoare & Dailey. The Houghtons bought the bankrupt Brooklyn Flint Glass Company in 1864 and persuaded Hoare to open a branch shop in Corning, NY after the company relocated there in 1868. Hoare moved his cutting shop into the Corning Glass Works factory and appointed Thomas G. Hawkes as foreman of the shop in 1870. Hawkes would later go on to establish the T.G. Hawkes & Co. cut glass firm in 1880. By 1875, "Dailey" was dropped from the company name and it became known as John Hoare, Rich Cut Glassware. Hoare’s firm quickly garnered interest both locally and nationally. An exhibition was arranged in Corning displaying Hoare glass, and President Ulysses S. Grant was reported to order items for the White House in the early 1870s.

In the 1870s and 1880s, Hoare's firm was one of the largest cut glass companies in the United States, employing up to three hundred people. Products included inkstands, vases, preserve dishes, butter dishes, engraved castor bottles, bar bottles, and much more. Customers included jewelry and department stores from Philadelphia, Baltimore, Chicago, St. Louis, and Helena, MT. John Hoare sold the business in 1887 to his son James, and George Abbott, a son-in-law of Amory Houghton. They changed the name of the firm to J. Hoare & Company. Also in 1887, the company successfully produced an electric light radiator made of flint glass, a product that helped diffuse the glare of an ordinary electric light bulb. In 1893, J. Hoare & Company entered a punch bowl into the Chicago World’s Fair; it took two months to make and weighed seventy pounds. The bowl won several medals for its quality and artistic design.

John Hoare was a leader in the glass cutting industry, even after a fire in October 1876 damaged his cutting shop, forcing him to move his shop temporarily until repairs were made. In the 1880s, labor troubles and strikes plagued American workers. Hoare was able to gain respect from his workers and ensure they did not quit. He once declared, “You know I shall not ask you to do any work I myself would not do.” Hoare died in 1896.

James Hoare expanded his father’s business, opening auxiliary shops in Corning and Wellsboro, PA. By 1915, however, the market for cut glass was decreasing, and there were only fifty workers employed in the shop. The onset of World War I also contributed to a cut glass business decline. J. Hoare and Co. closed in 1920.

Bibliography:

Hakes, Harlo. Landmarks of Steuben County, New York. Syracuse, NY: D. Mason & Company, 1896

Sinclaire, Estelle F. and Jane Shadel Spillman. The Complete Cut & Engraved Glass of Corning. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1997.

Custodial History

This collection is of mixed provenance, acquired beween 1968-1990.

Creator

Title
J. Hoare & Co. Scrapbook Collection, circa 1875-1920
Status
completed
Author
Mackenzie Kriel, Sandra Glascock, Mary Anne Hamblen
Date
December 2016
Description rules
dacs

Repository Details

Part of the Rakow Research Library Repository

Contact:
Rakow Research Library
Corning Museum of Glass
5 Museum Way
Corning NY 14830 USA
607.438.5300